About organizing blood donors briefly
The Association of Volunteer Blood Donors in Israel was founded in Tel Aviv in 1936 during the bloody events, when Tel Aviv people felt the need to create a pool of volunteers willing to donate blood at any time to the wounded, who were urged from all over the country to the only Jewish hospital in the area - Hadassah Tel Aviv.
The Association of Volunteer Blood Donors in Israel works alongside MDA's blood services, which collect about 270,000 units of blood from volunteer donors each year, who do so without any real consideration (approximately 1,000 units of blood each day). Over the years, the association has donated a lot and assists in every issue of blood donations in Israel.
Goals of the Amuta:
A. To organize volunteer blood donors and to expand the organization's ranks according to the blood needs of people and the advancement of medicine in Israel.
B. Organize unique blood groups.
C. To promote volunteering among the Israeli public to donate blood without getting reward.
D. To establish any additional institution within the framework of this organization to promote the organization's goals.
The members of the association, headed by the chairman, Mr. Yoav Bar-Ze'ev, serve as a loyal support for MDA's blood services. Especially in those special cases of shortage of blood in general, or in those special and hard-to-obtain ingredients, in particular. The organization maintains a group of donors of about 8,300 people who are willing to come at any time and respond to any call from MDA's blood services, come and donate blood and save lives.
The organization operates a group of 1,000 donors who come very often (once a month) to donate blood components using special methods, using sophisticated and computerized equipment. These donations, lasting about one hour each, are essential for saving the lives of children and adults with cancer undergoing complicated chemical treatments and bone marrow transplants.
The activities of the chairman and members of the association are done entirely on a voluntary basis, and in addition to the blood donations themselves, they do much to expand the circle of donors and educate the population.
In 1975, the Volunteer Blood Donors Organization (ETAD) was awarded the President's Medal for Volunteerism. Since 1990, the organization has begun a project to educate youth to donate blood, in the framework of which blood donations are carried out among twelfth-grade students in high schools. As part of this activity, time is also devoted to informing and increasing young people's awareness of situations and behaviors that may endanger blood donors. This is in order to increase the safety of the dishes donated in the country. In 1998, the organization was awarded the Magen David Adom Medal for its work.
And a little more extensively about the organization and the blood bank and its range of activities.
From ketchup bottles to a cord blood bank
From the very beginning of MDA's career, blood transfusions were provided in hospitals, an integral part of the organization's treatment of casualties.
This is thanks to the spirit of volunteerism that prevailed in the Land of Israel in general and in the MDA and enabled him to recruit enough blood donors to save lives.
The members of Magen David Adom, who volunteered for first aid services (as the medical unit of the Haganah), also took on this task of saving human life, regardless of religion, nationality, or skin color.
Patients who have lost a lot of blood, or patients who suffer from surgery or childbirth, may die if they do not receive another blood transfusion in time.
Even those who have leukemia-related diseases, such as hemophilia or leukemia, need transfusions of blood or its components. These facts were already known in the 30 century of the last century, but since there was still no proper technology for blood preservation in the world, every case requiring transfusion required finding a volunteer of the appropriate blood type, taking fresh blood and immediately implanting it into the person who needed it.
The doctor used two syringes, one with which they pumped the blood and the other with which the blood was transferred to the needy - the fear was that the needy's blood would be transferred to the donor's vein. So they also did not differentiate about the type of blood, which was done after years.
Since the need for transfusion requires immediate treatment, the idea was raised Blood donors organization, Whose members will always be willing to accept any call for blood donation.
The organization was indeed established in 1936 and soon proved to be very effective.
A list of potential blood donors was prepared - and there were many such volunteers - and whenever an infusion was needed, the hospital called Magen David Adom, providing the required blood type and number of doses.
MDA would locate a person from the organization's volunteer list who met the requirements and drive him quickly to the hospital, where the blood would reach its destination.
At the end of the 30, a technology was developed that allowed blood to be preserved more than a month after its contribution.
Then, too, the "blood bank" was born in the United States, in the format we know today. Following this, MDA decided to establish a system of blood services and a central blood bank, which will fulfill all the blood needs in the hospitals in the country.
Until then, blood banks have been found in hospitals in Tel Aviv, Jerusalem, Haifa and Tiberias, and nearby MDA branches have provided blood donation services, determined blood classification and checked for syphilis.
After the tests, the blood was delivered to the hospitals, some of which, like the Emek Hospital, continued to run an independent blood bank.
The first residence of the Central Blood Bank was on the top floor of MDA House on Maza Street in Tel Aviv. The "blood bank" is being filled as a first step in the donation of members of the Blood Donors Association, with the backing of blood donations that came as a donation from the United States.
Over time, innovative techniques for freezing blood and its components developed, but the new facilities, donated by MDA friends around the world, were large and the blood bank's place became narrow on it at MDA on Maza Street.
As a result, the blood bank at the beginning of the 50 was transferred to a more spacious structure in Jaffa. In addition to the blood services, the Institute for the Production of Plasma Components was also established.
The use of plasma components, which were not required of hospitals, allowed more efficient use of blood units in the production of additional products such as albumin and gamma-globulin, used for medical purposes.
In order for the blood bank to be able to meet the tasks assigned to it, those involved in the subject had to overcome quite a few technical problems. For even tools for preserving blood donations were not yet available. Disposable plastic bags, which are now used to store blood donations, were not yet invented then and there was an urgent need to solve the problem. The solution was found in 1946 by Dr. Natan Wolf of Hadassah Hospital in Tel Aviv, who was a member of the Blood Donor Organization and later became head of the National Blood Transfusion Service.
He took used glass bottles of ketchup, which were sold in the stores of the British "Spini's" chain, which was operating in the country at the time, as well as bottles of "Meged" oil and after disinfection they were filled with blood donations and stored refrigerated until used for transfusion.
At the next stage, the "Finica" glass factory in Haifa began to produce the bottles for blood donations for MDA.
As early as 1950, friends of MDA in the United States sent a special ambulance to the blood bank, equipped with a refrigerator, that could keep the blood temperature low when it was transported from the bank to a hospital.
However, despite all this progress, it was customary in Israel until the beginning of the 50 years to send blood donors to hospitals as needed.
From blood bank to national blood services
MDA's blood banks fulfilled their purpose even before the MDA Act 1950 imposed on this organization this important task. According to the law, the organization's blood services are entrusted with the collection, processing, storage of blood and its products and their supply to the civilian and military health system in the State of Israel, routinely and in times of emergency.
Blood services include the National Blood Donation System, the Central Blood Bank Laboratories and the Separation Institute for the separation and manufacture of drugs from the plasma.
Thanks to the blood bank laboratories and the institute, Israel was completely free from dependence on the supply of blood units and its components from abroad.
Simultaneously with this much progress, the ugly phenomenon of buying / selling blood units privately, from occasional "donors" for a fee, continued for patients who did not have blood insurance, which was subsequently introduced.
Apart from the negative moral aspect, it was a medical risk, as some of the blood donors paid for the purchase of drugs or alcohol, so the quality of the donated blood was questionable.
MDA fought hard against the phenomenon, until it eventually disappeared thanks to the introduction of the annual blood insurance, to which everyone who donated blood voluntarily is entitled. This insurance frees the blood donor from the obligation to bring blood donations from friends or family members, if he himself needs a transfusion for a year after the donation. This right was also granted to members of the donor's family from the outset. Blood donors in the workplace and their family members were entitled to "group blood insurance."
The establishment of the Blood Donor Organization also solved another problem. At first there were those who donated blood for a fee, and whenever there was a need for their services, there were arguments about the amount of payment due to them.
At the first meeting of the Organization of Blood Donors (ETAD), held in Tel Aviv on June 6, 1936, it was decided not to demand payment from the public for blood donations, thus releasing the families of those in need of donation, putting the bargain with the donors.
Ensuring a supply of blood to the routine and emergency caused the establishment of a special department for blood donation.
Blood donations are carried out on a regular basis and at regular times at most MDA stations and branches in the country. In addition, there are mobile means for blood donation, in organized workplaces, in IDF camps and for fundraising campaigns in public places.
The experience gained by the blood donation department has proven itself in wars and multi-casualty events occurring in our country and its surroundings. The efficiency of the blood services led to a situation in which the State of Israel does not need donations and blood transfusions.
Moreover, Israel assists and dispatches to foreign countries and disaster areas quantities of blood and products as part of MDA's humanitarian activities.
In the middle of the 80, in view of the large number of roles placed on the blood services, the need arose to transfer the blood bank to a more spacious location. The place was found in Ramat Gan, in the hospital compound Shiba In Tel Hashomer. Friends of MDA in the United States, Canada, the United Kingdom and South Africa have raised the money needed to finance the construction.
The extensive knowledge accumulated by the team of workers and the laboratories of blood services and advanced technological innovations adopted from the world led to the development of a series of blood products and related services.
The health system in the State of Israel relies on and enjoys the blood services provided to medical institutions and the public in need of them by MDA.
In addition to tests to identify blood types, advanced tests are performed to ensure that they are fat
The blood does not carry viruses or bacteria (such as hepatitis B or syphilis). As well as unique and complicated tests to identify donors and patients with extremely rare blood types.
The laboratory also monitors pregnant women to determine if they can cause the fetus's molar disease.
In addition to the complete blood donation system, there is a service for separating blood components during the donation (presis), a process in which the volunteer donor is connected to a facility that draws blood. Once the required blood components have been separated from it, the blood is returned in a closed circuit to the donor. This method also treats patients with life-threatening diseases, which need to be replaced by plasma - a process performed by a dedicated team of blood services.
Other operations are performed, such as treating severe wounds and pressure sores with the help of white blood cells (macrophages).
Macrophages are cells belonging to the general immune system. They are found in the body in the lymph nodes, the bone marrow, the liver, the spleen, and the blood vessels. Their function is to massively clean up small particles and foreign bodies that penetrate body fluids.
The establishment of a cord blood bank in MDA is integrated into one of the "hottest" fields in medical science. Umbilical cord blood uses stem cells, also called stem cells, to cure serious diseases. Stem cells are primary cells of the body that become bone cells, blood system cells (red blood cells, white blood cells and platelets), immune system cells, skin cells and more.
The Blood Services Center, which currently operates in the Tel Hashomer hospital, is managed by Prof. Eilat Shinar, Employs about 240 workers - laboratory technicians, blood donors, doctors, nurses and a number of administration personnel.
This building is too narrow to accommodate all blood services, and there are plans and plans to move it to a new and modern site near the Ramlud junction.
The Precision Institute operates from the end of the 90 as an independent body in cooperation with an international company and according to its knowledge.