About organizing blood donors briefly
The Association of Blood Donors Volunteers in Israel was founded in Tel Aviv in 1936 during the bloody riots. The Tel Aviv people felt the need to create a pool of volunteers willing to donate blood at all times to the wounded, who were evacuated from all parts of the country to the only Jewish hospital in the area.
The Association of Blood Donors Volunteers in Israel works alongside MDA blood services, which collect 270,000 blood donations from volunteer donors every year, and do so without any real consideration (about 1,000 blood units per day). Blood donations in Israel.
Goals of the Amuta:
A. To organize volunteer blood donors and to expand the organization's ranks according to the blood needs of people and the advancement of medicine in Israel.
B. Organize unique blood groups.
C. To promote volunteering among the Israeli public to donate blood without getting reward.
D. To establish any additional institution within the framework of this organization to promote the organization's goals.
The members of the association, headed by Mr. Yoav Bar-Ze'ev, serve as a true supporter of MDA's blood services. Especially in those special cases of lack of blood units in general, or in those special and hard-to-obtain ingredients, in particular. The organization holds a group of 8,300 donors who are ready to come at any time and to respond to any call by the MDA blood services to come and donate their blood and save human lives.
The organization operates a group of 1,000 donors who come very often (once a month) to donate blood components using special methods, using sophisticated and computerized equipment. These donations, lasting about one hour each, are essential for saving the lives of children and adults with cancer undergoing complicated chemical treatments and bone marrow transplants.
The activities of the chairman and members of the association are entirely voluntary, while in addition to the blood donations themselves, they do much to expand the circle of donors and educate the population.
In the year 1975 was awarded the "Volunteer Blood Donors" Award by the President of the Volunteer Volunteer Program, starting from the year 1990, the Youth Education Project began to donate blood, in which blood donations are carried out among 12th grade students in high schools. As part of this activity, time is also devoted to explaining and raising the awareness of young people about situations and behavior that may endanger blood donors. In order to increase the safety of the donated portions in Israel. In the year 1998 the organization was awarded the Magen David Adom badge for his work.
And a little more extensively about the organization and the blood bank and its range of activities.
From ketchup bottles to a cord blood bank
At the very beginning of MDA, there was a blood supply for transfusions in hospitals, an integral part of the organization's treatment of the victims.
This was due to the spirit of volunteerism that prevailed in Palestine in general and in MDA, and enabled him to raise enough blood donors to save lives.
The members of Magen David Adom, who volunteered for first aid activities (as part of the Hagana's medical specialty), also took upon themselves the task of saving human life regardless of religion, nationality, or skin color.
Patients who have lost a lot of blood, or patients who suffer from surgery or childbirth, may die if they do not receive another blood transfusion in time.
Even those who have leukemia-related diseases, such as hemophilia or leukemia, need transfusions of blood or its components. These facts were already known in the 30 century of the last century, but since there was still no proper technology for blood preservation in the world, every case requiring transfusion required finding a volunteer of the appropriate blood type, taking fresh blood and immediately implanting it into the person who needed it.
The doctor used two syringes, one with which they pumped the blood, and the other the blood was transferred to the needy person - the fear was that the blood of the needy would be transferred to the donor's drop. So they did not differentiate between blood type, which was done years later.
Since the need for transfusion requires immediate treatment, the idea was raised Blood donors organization, Whose members will always be willing to accept any call for blood donation.
The organization was established at 1936 and soon became very effective.
A list of potential blood donors was prepared - and there were many volunteers - and whenever the transfusion was needed, the hospital called Magen David Adom, providing the necessary blood type and number of doses.
Magen David Adom would find a suitable person from the organization's list of volunteers and drive him quickly to the hospital, where the blood would reach its destination.
At the end of the 30, a technology was developed that allowed blood to be preserved more than a month after its contribution.
At that time, the Blood Bank was born in the United States, in accordance with what is known to us today, and in the wake of that, MDA decided to establish a blood services system and a central blood bank to fill all the blood needs of hospitals in Israel.
Until then, blood banks were found in hospitals in Tel Aviv, Jerusalem, Haifa and Tiberias, and nearby MDA branches provided blood donation services, determined the blood classification, and checked whether they were not infected with syphilis.
After the tests, the blood was delivered to the hospitals, some of which, like the Emek Hospital, continued to run an independent blood bank.
The first residence of the Central Blood Bank was on the top floor of the MDA house on Mazeh Street in Tel Aviv. The "blood bank" fund was filled as a first step by donations from members of the blood donors organization, with the backing of blood donations received from the United States.
Over time, innovative techniques developed for the freezing of blood and its components, but the new facilities, donated by friends of MDA in the world, were large and the place of the blood bank was narrowed in the MDA house on Mazeh Street.
As a result, the blood bank at the beginning of the 50 was transferred to a more spacious structure in Jaffa. In addition to the blood services, the Institute for the Production of Plasma Components was also established.
The use of plasma components, which were not required of hospitals, allowed more efficient use of blood units in the production of additional products such as albumin and gamma-globulin, used for medical purposes.
In order for the blood bank to be able to meet the tasks imposed on it, those involved in the subject had to overcome many technical problems. For even tools for maintaining blood donations were not yet available. Disposable plastic bags, now used to store blood donations, have not yet been invented and there was an urgent need to solve the problem. The solution was found in 1946 by Dr. Natan Wolf of the Hadassah Hospital in Tel Aviv, who was a member of the Blood Donor Organization and later became head of the National Blood Transfusion Service.
He picked up used glass bottles of ketchup, sold at the Spani's stores in Britain, which was then in Israel, as well as bottles of Meged oil. After disinfection, they were filled with blood donations and stored refrigerated until they were used for transfusion.
In the next stage, the "Phenicia" glass factory in Haifa began producing MDA bottles for blood donations.
Already at 1950, the Friends of MDA in the US sent the blood bank a special ambulance, equipped with a refrigerator, to keep the blood temperature low when it was taken from the bank to a hospital.
However, despite all this progress, it was customary in Israel until the beginning of the 50 years to send blood donors to hospitals as needed.
From blood bank to national blood services
The MDA Blood Banks fulfilled their mission even before the 1950 law imposed this important task on the organization. According to the law, the organization's blood services are charged with the collection, processing, storage of blood and its products and their supply to the civilian and military health system in the State of Israel, in routine and emergency times.
Blood services include the National Blood Donation System, the Central Blood Bank Laboratories and the Separation Institute for the separation and manufacture of drugs from the plasma.
Thanks to the laboratories of the Blood Bank and the Institute, Israel was completely free of dependence on the supply of blood and its components from abroad.
Along with this much progress, the ugly phenomenon of buying / selling private blood donations continued, from occasional "donors", for a fee, for patients without blood insurance, which was later introduced.
Apart from the negative moral aspect, it was a medical risk, as some of the blood donors paid for the purchase of drugs or alcohol, so the quality of the donated blood was questionable.
Magen David Adom has struggled with this phenomenon until it finally disappeared thanks to the annual blood insurance policy, which is awarded to anyone who donated blood voluntarily, which exempts the blood donor from the obligation to bring blood donations from friends or family members. The donation was also granted to the donor's family from the first degree, and blood donors at workplaces and their families were entitled to "group blood insurance".
The establishment of the Blood Donor Organization also solved another problem. At first there were those who donated blood for a fee, and whenever there was a need for their services, there were arguments about the amount of payment due to them.
At the first meeting of the Blood Donors Organization, held in Tel Aviv on 6 in June of 1936, it was decided not to demand payment from the public for blood donations, and thus the families of those in need were released.
Ensuring a supply of blood to the routine and emergency caused the establishment of a special department for blood donation.
Blood donations are carried out on a regular basis and at regular times at most MDA stations and branches in Israel, as well as mobile devices for blood donations, organized workplaces, IDF camps and fundraising campaigns in public places.
The experience gained by the blood donation department has proven itself in wars and multi-casualty events occurring in our country and its surroundings. The efficiency of the blood services led to a situation in which the State of Israel does not need donations and blood transfusions.
Moreover, Israel assists and sends foreign countries and areas of blood and product disaster as part of the humanitarian activities of MDA.
In the middle of the 80, in view of the large number of roles placed on the blood services, the need arose to transfer the blood bank to a more spacious location. The place was found in Ramat Gan, in the hospital compound Shiba At Tel Hashomer. Friends of MDA in the United States, Canada, Britain and South Africa recruited among their friends the funds needed to finance the construction.
The extensive knowledge accumulated by the team of workers and the laboratories of blood services and advanced technological innovations adopted from the world led to the development of a series of blood products and related services.
The health system in Israel relies on the blood services provided to the medical institutions and the public in need by MDA.
In addition to tests to identify blood types, advanced tests are performed to ensure that they are fat
Blood does not carry viruses or bacteria (such as hepatitis B or syphilis). As well as unique and complicated tests to identify donors and patients with extremely rare blood types.
The laboratory also monitors pregnant women to determine if they can cause the fetus's molar disease.
In addition to the full blood donation system, there is a service for the separation of the blood components by means of a donation, a process in which the volunteer donor connects to the blood-sucking apparatus. Once the necessary blood components have been separated from it, the blood is returned in a closed circle to the donor. In this method patients with life-threatening diseases are also treated, who must be replaced with plasma - a process performed by a dedicated team of blood services.
Actions are also underway, such as treating severe wounds and pressure wounds using white blood cells (macrophages).
Macrophages are cells belonging to the general immune system. They are found in the body in the lymph nodes, the bone marrow, the liver, the spleen, and the blood vessels. Their function is to massively clean up small particles and foreign bodies that penetrate body fluids.
The establishment of a cord blood bank in MDA is part of one of the hottest fields in medical science, and stem cells, which are also called stem cells, are used to treat serious diseases. Blood cells (red blood cells, white blood cells and blood platelets), immune cells, skin cells and more.
The Blood Services Center, which currently operates in the Tel Hashomer hospital, is managed by Prof. Eilat Shinar, Employs about 240 workers - laboratory technicians, blood donors, doctors, nurses and a number of administration personnel.
This building is too narrow to accommodate all blood services, and there are plans and plans to move it to a new and modern site near the Ramlud junction.
The Precision Institute operates from the end of the 90 as an independent body in cooperation with an international company and according to its knowledge.